Drug Testing

PHILOSOPHY

This Drug Policy is designed to help student athletes avoid or cope with drug, alcohol, and tobacco use.  The policies and process established by the Lake Local Schools Board of Education are based upon the following principles:

  1. There is no such thing as responsible use of controlled substances/mood altering chemicals, alcohol, or tobacco by a junior high or high school student.  Adolescent use is not only against the law, it jeopardizes the student’s health and safety, and it inhibits attainment of individual potential.  Therefore, use of controlled substances/mood-altering drugs, alcohol, or tobacco by student athletes will not be tolerated.
  2. Participation in athletics is a privilege, not a right.  Student athletes are in a highly visible setting of leadership,competition, and performance.  Therefore, student athletes will be held to a higher accountability of conduct and behavior than the student who chooses neither to participate nor to represent Lake Schools.
  3. Reliable reports and information of violation of this policy will be investigated by coaches, advisors, and/or administration.
  4. Parent(s)/guardian(s)/custodian(s) of a student athlete have a right to be informed.  Therefore, the parent(s)/guardian(s)/custodian(s) will be informed in a timely manner of findings by school staff.
  5. Violation of this Drug Policy in a school or community setting reflects poorly on the individual, family, team/organization, and school.  Therefore, violations of this nature will carry the penalties and consequences listed below.
  6. Participation is better than exclusion.  Therefore, some violations will allow the student athlete to remain a member of a team as long as the student athlete follows the process listed below.
  7. The school nurse, trainer, team doctors, coaches, guidance counselors, administration and BOE are interrelated.  Therefore, they should share information in an effort to promote a lifestyle among students that is drug, alcohol, and tobacco free.  Professional judgment will be used regarding the sharing of confidential info by school officials.

PURPOSE

  1.     To provide a healthy and safe environment to all student athletes.
  2.     To discourage or provide a deterrence for all student athletes from using drugs and alcohol.
  3.     To provide solutions for the student athlete who does use drugs and alcohol.
  4.     To provide disciplinary policies for violations of the drug free policy.

DEFINITIONS

  1. Student Athlete – Any person participating in the junior or senior high school athletic program and/or contests under the control and jurisdiction of the Lake Local School District and/or the Ohio High School Athletic Association.
  2. Athletic Season – In-season start dates will begin as published by the Ohio High School Athletic Association or sanctioning organization and continue until the completion of all contests for that sport for the Lake Local Schools.
  3. Random Selection – A system of selecting athletes for drug and alcohol testing in which each athlete shall have a fair and equitable chance of being selected each time selections are required.
  4. Illegal/Illicit Drugs – Any substance which an individual may not sell, offer to sell, possess, give, exchange, use, distribute, or purchase under State or Federal Law.  This definition also includes all prescription drugs obtained without authorization and all prescribed and over-the-counter drugs being used in any way other than for medical purposes in accordance with the directions for use provided by in the prescription or by the manufacturer.
  5. Alcohol – Any intoxicating liquor, alcohol, wine, beer, mixed beverage, or malt liquor/beverage, as defined by Ohio law.  The term does not include a substance used for medical purposes in accordance with directions for use provide in a prescription or by the manufacturer, and in accordance with school district policy and rules related to the use of prescription and non-prescription drugs, providing the substance is (a) authorized by a medical prescription from a licensed physician and kept in the original container, which container shall state the student’s name and directions for use or (b) an over-the-counter medicine.
  6. Assessment – A program operated by a certified chemical dependency counselor or at any agency certified by the Ohio Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services, or a licensed physician trained in chemical dependency.
  7. Possession – Having control over an item.
  8. Trafficking – Sell, offer to sell, distribute, possess with intent to distribute, cultivate, manufacture, or otherwise engage in any part of the production of a controlled substance.
  9. Controlled Substances – Means a drug, compound, mixture, preparation, or substance included in Schedule I, II, III, IV, or V established pursuant to the Ohio Revised Code.
  10. Mood-Altering Chemicals – Includes, without limitation, narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, counterfeit or synthetic drugs, marijuana, alcohol, and any common substance such as “white-out,” glue, gasoline, etc., used for its mood-altering effect.  Prescription drugs are included in this, unless authorized by a medical prescription from a licensed physician and kept in the original container, which container shall state the student’s name and the directions for proper use.
  11. Paraphernalia – Instruments such as pipes, roach clips, syringes, hypodermic needles, cocaine spoons or kits, and any other items normally or actually used for the packaging, conveyance, dispensation, or use of drugs will not be permitted on any school property or vehicle and will be subject to confiscation.  Possession of drug paraphernalia will be treated the same as possession of a controlled substance.
  12. Tobacco – All types of tobacco products, including smokeless.
  13. Counterfeit Substance: Any drug that bears, or whose container or label bears, a trademark, trade name, or another identifying mark used without authorization of the owner or rights to such trademark, trade name, or identifying mark. Any unmarked or unlabeled substance that is represented to be a controlled substance/mood-altering chemical, manufactured, possessed, packed, or distributed by a person other than the person that manufactured, processed, packed, or distributed it. Any substance that is represented to be a controlled substance/mood-altering chemical, but is not a controlled substance/mood-altering chemical or is a different controlled substance/mood-altering chemical. Any substance other than a controlled substance/mood-altering chemical that a reasonable person would believe to be a controlled substance/mood-altering chemical because of its similarity in shape, size, and color or its markings, labeling, packaging, distribution, or the price for which it is sold or offered for sale.

TYPES OF TESTING

    TEAM TESTING:

  1. At the beginning of each season, all athletes will submit to urine drug testing.  This testing will be completed within the first two weeks of the season on a specified date and time pre-announced.
  2. All student athletes and their parent/guardian must properly sign the INFORMED CONSENT AGREEMENT prior to testing.
  3. The collection process will take place on school properly or at the Board of Education approved testing facility.
  4. In the event that the athlete is absent from the pre-season testing, the athlete will submit to urine drug  testing at the Board of Education approved testing facility within five (5) calendar days of the scheduled pre-season team testing.  Failure to do so will result in a Drug Policy violation.
  5. Any student moving into the District shall be tested prior to the time the athlete joins a team.  In addition, any student trying out for or joining a team after the pre-season testing period must test at the board approved facility within five (5) calendar days.

    RANDOM TESTING:

  1.   In-season random testing will be done throughout the season.  Each season there may be 20% of the athletes tested per random selection.  An athlete may be randomly tested more than once per season.
  2. Once an athlete has participated in a sport they are subject to random testing throughout the school year, regardless of how many sports they participate in during the year.
  3. The Lake Local School District will employ an independent private agency to randomly select athletes for testing.
  4. This system may include computer generated random numbers or names or by pulling numbers from a pool of numbers equal to the number of eligible student athletes.
  5. Random testing is unannounced.  The date and time will be selected by the Athletic Director.  Random testing may be done weekly.

     REFUSAL TO TEST

  1. A student athlete refusing or unable to submit a urine sample during a pre-season or random test will have 24 hours to produce a non-dilute sample at the approved Board of Education testing facility, at their own expense.
  2. Failure to comply within the 24-hour period is a Drug Policy violation.
  3. DRUGS FOR WHICH ATHLETES MAY BE TESTED:

Including, but not limited to: LSD – Alcohol – Marijuana – K2 Spice (Spice) – Amphetamines – Barbiturates – Nicotine Benzodiazepines _ methadone – Anabolic Steroids – Methaqualone Opiates – Cocaine – Propxyphene (Darvon)

APPROVED BOARD OF EDUCATION TESTING FACILITY

  1. The only facility in which the Lake Schools will accept test results from is:

GREAT LAKES BIOMEDICAL

25660 Dixie Highway, Perrysburg, OH 43551

Office: (419) 872-5343   Fax: (419) 872-7464    

  1. This facility has on-call technicians 24 hours a day, 7 days a week to help working parents.  Call ahead to notify them of your approval.  Testing done at this facility may be at the athlete’s expense.
  2. A parent/guardian is required to accompany any minor under the age of 18 years old.  If a parent/guardian is unable to accompany a minor, the parent may sign a waiver allowing the minor to test without adult supervision.  These forms can be obtained from the facility.

COLLECTION PROCESS

The student will be notified to report to the collection site.  A specimen of urine is collected following this process:

  1. Random testing periods last for (1) hour.  Pre-season testing follows posted schedule.
  2. Drug testing area must be secured during the testing.  Those not testing must clear the area.
  3. Only lab technicians and students will be witnesses to the test.
  4. Privacy must be kept for all students.
  5. The Informed Consent Agreement must be completed and signed by both parent/guardian and student, prior to testing.
  6. When students arrive and cannot give a sample, they will need to start drinking water, pop, or juice.  After 36 oz. the human body will usually need to urinate.
  7. Any student who is taking a medication must notify the technician prior to testing and have the medication listed on the Informed Consent Agreement.
  8. No bags, backpacks, purses, cups, containers or drinks will be allowed to enter the collection area.  All coats, vests, jackets, sweaters, hats, scarves or baggy clothing must be removed before entering the collection site.  Only pants and T-shirts or dresses may be worn in the collection area.
  9. Students processed by the technician who cannot produce a sample will be kept in a secured area to wait until they can test.  If they leave this area they may not be allowed to test.  They are not to have contact with anyone until after they have tested.
  10. Students will be asked to hold out their hands and a sanitizer will be put on their hands.  The bathroom personnel will add a dye to the toilet.
  11. Students will be asked to urinate directly into the collection cup given to them by the lab technician.  The technician will stand outside the stall and listen for normal sounds of urination.
  12. Adulterations or diluted samples of the specimen will be detected and considered the same as a test refusal or drug policy violation.  The lab checks samples for adulterations or diluted samples and requires a retest within 24 hours if that occurs.
  13. Suspicion of tampering with the sample will be brought to the tester’s attention.  The sample will be sent to the lab for immediate confirmation of tampering.
  14. The sample must be taken in one attempt and be at least 30 ml in size.  The student must hand the cup to the lab technician.
  15. Students are not to flush the toilets.  In the event that a student flushes the toilet, they will be required to give a new sample immediately or the sample will be invalid.
  16. With the student watching, the technician will recap the sample and hand it to the student who must then return it to the technician.  In the event the student does not hand the cup directly to the technician, the sample is invalid and a new sample must be taken.  If the student leaves the collection area or walks out to talk with anyone, the sample will be invalid and the student will have to give another sample.
  17. Infringement of these rules will result in the student taking a retest.
  18. This collection procedure is subject to change because of procedural requirements by the testing agency.  The Lake Local School Board reserves the right to change the collection procedure to coincide with the testing guidelines as set forth by the agency and/or best practices.

 CONSEQUENCES FOR VIOLATIONS OF DRUG POLICY:

POSSESSION OR USE OF ALCOHOL, CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES/MOOD ALTERING CHEMICALS, AND

TOBACCO OR POSITIVE TEST RESULT (Drug, Alcohol, Tobacco)

FIRST OFFENSE:

  1. Parent(s) will be called and a letter shall be mailed, emailed, or sent home with the student to the parent(s)/guardian(s) and a copy placed in the athlete’s athletic file that alerts the athlete of the violation, and informs the athlete of the consequences of further violations.
  2. The athlete will be denied participation for a minimum of 20% of the regularly scheduled contests of the current sport season.  This may include post-season contests or be extended through the next sport season.  The parent/guardian and/or athlete may be required to meet with the Athletic Director and/or the Administrator to determine reinstatement.  The athlete may be required, at parent/guardian expense, to submit to weekly or monthly testing for the remainder of the current athletic season.
  3. The athlete will lose any leadership position in athletic activities for the remainder of the school year.
  4. To resume competition, the athlete will be required to obtain a chemical dependency assessment from a certified chemical dependency counselor (or at an agency certified by the Ohio Dept. of Health or the Ohio Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services) and then follow the recommendations of the counselor.  The parent/guardian is responsible for all expenses and for providing the Athletic Department with documentation that the athlete completed the recommendations of the counselor.
  5. If the athlete does not obtain the chemical dependency assessment or does not comply with the counselor recommendations or make reasonable progress towards completion of counseling, the student will be denied participation in interscholastic athletics until such counseling has been completed.
  6. For tobacco, the denial of participation may be reduced to 10% of the scheduled contests if the athlete participates in a tobacco intervention/education program.  The Athletic Director may reinstate the athlete upon evidence of participation in a tobacco intervention/education program.  The participation in a tobacco intervention/education program is paid for by the parent(s)/guardian(s)/custodian(s) of the athlete.
  7. The denial of the privilege to compete will begin with the last contest in which the athlete has been eligible to compete or the date on which a violation of the substance abuse policy has been determined.
  8. The counseling may sometimes be done at the school at no cost to the parents.

SECOND OFFENSE:

  1. Parent(s) will be called and a letter shall be mailed, emailed, or sent home with the student to the parent(s)/guardian(s) and a copy placed in the athlete’s athletic file that alerts the athlete of the violation, and informs the athlete of the consequences of further violations.
  2. The athlete will be denied participation for 100% of the regularly scheduled contests of the current sport season and post-season contests.  If the offense occurs during the sport season, the 100% suspension will extend into the next sport season the athlete participates in, to an equivalent extent as determined by the Athletic Director.  The parent/guardian and/or athlete may be required to meet with the Athletic Director and/or Administrator to determine reinstatement.  The athlete may also be required, at parent/guardian expense, to submit to monthly drug testing for up to six months.
  3. The athlete will lose any leadership position in athletic activities for the remainder of the school year.
  4. To resume competition, the athlete will be required to obtain a chemical dependency assessment from a certified chemical dependency counselor (or at an agency certified by the Ohio Dept. of Health or the Ohio Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services) and then follow the recommendations of the counselor.  The parent/guardian is responsible for all expenses and for providing the Athletic Department with documentation that the athlete completed the recommendations of the counselor.
  5. If the athlete does not obtain the chemical dependency assessment or does not comply with the counselor recommendations or make reasonable progress towards completion of counseling, the student will be denied participation in interscholastic athletics until such counseling has been completed.

THIRD OFFENSE:

  1. The athlete is denied contest participation for one (1) calendar year from the date of the violation.  Coaches, at their discretion, may allow the athlete to practice with a team.
  2. To resume competition, the athlete will be required to obtain a chemical dependency assessment from a certified chemical dependency counselor (or at an agency certified by the Ohio Dept. of Health or the Ohio Dept. of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services) and then follow the recommendations of the counselor.  The parent/guardian is responsible for all expenses and for providing the Athletic Department with documentation that the athlete completed the recommendations of the counselor.
  3. The parent/guardian and/or athlete may be required to meet with the Athletic Director, and/or an Administrator to determine reinstatement.
  4. The athlete may be required, at parent/guardian expense, to submit to monthly drug testing for up to one (1) calendar year.

FOURTH OFFENSE:

  1. The athlete is permanently denied the privilege to participate in athletics in the Lake Local Schools.

SUSPENSION REQUIREMENTS FOR FIRST OFFENSE

  1. A student athlete serving a suspension for the First Offense must complete the entire season for which they have chosen to participate.  The suspension will not be considered served if they fail to complete their season.  In that case, the suspension will restart with the next season the athlete participates.
  2. While serving the suspension, the athlete must attend all practices and contests.  The student will travel with the team and be part of the team.  However, the student may not be dressed in uniform during their suspension.

EXPUNGEMENT OF FIRST OFFENSE

  1.  If a student athlete commits a First Offense and complies with all reinstatement requirements set forth in Section I.1 or Section O, the athlete can expunge (erase) that First Offense from the record if all of the following conditions are met:
  2. The student athlete produces six (6) consecutive monthly negative urine drug test results from the Board of Education approved testing facility.
  3. The urine drug tests are paid for by the student athlete/parent/guardian.
  4. Expungement applies to erase a First Offense only.
  5. There must be no other Drug Policy violations before the expungement is granted by the Athletic Director. Expungement may be granted only one time per student athlete.

SELLING OR ATTEMPTING TO SELL ALCOHOL OR TRAFFICKING IN CONTROLLED

SUBSTANCES/MOOD-ALTERING CHEMICALS

  1. Student athletes who sell or attempt to sell alcohol or controlled substances/mood-altering chemicals shall be denied and disqualified to participate in any form of athletics for one (1) calendar year.
  2. Parent(s) will be called and a letter shall be mailed, emailed, or sent home with the student to the parent(s)/guardian(s) and a copy placed in the athlete’s file that alerts the athlete of the violation and informs the athlete of the consequences of any further violations.
  3. Student athletes who aid or abet another student in selling or attempting to sell alcohol or controlled substances/mood-altering chemicals shall be disciplined as if the student athlete was the principal offender.
  4. Information collected related to selling or trafficking will be reported to appropriate law enforcement authorities.
  5. A second offense on this will result in permanent denial of participation in athletics at Lake Local Schools.

REASONABLE SUSPICION

  1. Reasonable suspicion is still part of the Athletic Handbook.  Therefore, athletes who, based on reasonable suspicion, use alcohol, tobacco, or drugs will be subject to denial of participation.  The Athletic Department reserves the right to enforce this policy based upon reasonable suspicion.  Disciplinary action based on reasonable suspicion will be the responsibility of the Athletic Director and/or Principal.

DUE PROCESS

  1.   A student athlete who violates this Drug Policy will be afforded due process as follows:
  2.   The student athlete and/or parent(s)/guardians may request a meeting with the Athletic Director and building Principal to discuss the basis for the violation.
  3. The student athlete may appeal the violation to the Superintendent in writing within three days of notification of the violation. The student athlete may then appeal the violation to the Board of Education within three days of notification of the Superintendent’s decision.
  4. All penalties and consequences will be enforced during the appeal process, unless stayed by the Superintendent.
  5. Those involved in the appeal process may consider all relevant evidence presented, including any hair follicle testing or other scientifically reliable testing obtained by the student athlete at the athlete’s/parent’s/guardian’s expense.

VOLUNTARY REFERRAL OPTION FOR FIRST OFFENSE ONLY

  1. Student athletes have the opportunity for a voluntary referral procedure to seek information, guidance, counseling, and/or assessment regarding the use or possession of tobacco, alcohol, and other controlled or non-controlled substances.
  2. Voluntary referrals may be made by the student, his/her immediate family, or from a fellow student.  Voluntary referrals will not carry violation consequences, however, it will be counted as a First Offense.
  3. To avoid receiving a denial of participation, the student must obtain a chemical dependency assessment and follow the recommendations of the chemical dependency counselor.  Completion of the counselor’s recommendations must be within the time schedule established by the counselor.
  4. The Voluntary referral can be made to the Athletic Director, coach, counselor, administration or the substance abuse prevention coordinator.
  5. Voluntary referral must occur prior to any report of violations and 72 hours prior to a random drug test.  Involvement by law enforcement officials negates the option of voluntary referral.
  6. The student may use the option of voluntary referral once for the First Offense only.  Voluntary referral which results in no prohibition from the participation is considered a First Offense.  Any subsequent violations will be enforced accordingly to this Drug Policy.
  7. If the student requesting the voluntary referral opportunity does not complete the assessment recommendations by the established time schedule, the violation consequence will be put into effect immediately.